05 November 2007 by Santiago O’Donnell

A growing number of loosely defined groups are being declared victims of genocide by Latin American and Spanish courts: Indians in the Brazilian Amazonia, victims of the Argentine junta, student demonstrators in Mexico, street protesters in Bolivia, and former guerrilla members in Colombia. Yet, this trend goes against the widely accepted United Nations Genocide Convention of 1948 and the legal definition of genocide used by all contemporary international or hybrid tribunals, which are much stricter about what constitutes a genocide.

25 April 2005 by -

Read here the International Justice Tribune, No. 24

Table of content:

  • Procès gacaca au Rwanda; Justice indépendante ou tribunaux aux ordres?
  • Ouganda-CPI; Le vent tourne
  • Espagne-Argentine; Scilingo, jugement premier

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07 February 2005 by -

The trial of the former Argentine naval captain Adolfo Scilingo on charges of genocide, torture and terrorism committed during the military regime of General Jorge Videla (1976-1983) opened on 14 January before Madrid's national court of justice. From 1976-1977, Scilingo, now 58, was stationed at a naval mechanical school, or ESMA, one of the main torture centres during the dictatorship. In 1997, he confessed to Judge Baltasar Garzon that he had participated in «death flights» in which political opponents were thrown out of planes into the sea.