Exhumations from May 2015 on a Periprava site believed to be a graveyard for camp victims (Photo: IICCMER)
03 June 2015

IJT 183 delves into an emotional trial in Romania in which Communist labour camp survivors confront their ex-commander.

Other features:

  • The first-ever ICTR trial transfer could be recalled from Rwanda
  • A new museum at a former detention centre reignites Argentina's debate on memorials
  • The world wrongly gambled on peace without justice in Burundi, says transitional justice expert in a Q&A

News brief:

  • Ivorian ex-first lady Simone Gbagbo is still wanted in The Hague
Rwandan genocide court artwork by Surian Soosay (Photo: Flickr/ssoosay)
02 June 2015 by Clive Muhenga, Arusha (Tanzania)

The UN Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT) has for the first time said that a genocide case handed over to the Rwandan judiciary by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) may have to be returned, due to fair trial concerns. If taken, the decision would be a serious setback for the Arusha court’s exit strategy.

27 January 2010 by -

Former Congolese rebel leader Laurent Nkunda is being illegally detained by the Rwandan government, says his lawyer. Nkunda has been living under house arrest in Kigali for over a year without any trial in sight.

By Thijs Bouwknegt

“If you believe that the man is a danger or a risk to peace, then you have to make your case in court. But you can’t just do that arbitrarily without making your case,” says Stephane Bourgon who is representing Nkunda.

24 March 2010 by -

A Dutch investigating judge, two court registrars, a representative of the prosecution and a defence lawyer have been in Kigali since March 15th, hearing testimony from 30 witnesses in the appeals case of convicted torturer Joseph Mpambara.

By Thijs Bouwknegt

A district court in The Hague last year sentenced Mpambara to 20 years imprisonment for torture committed during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. He immediately lodged an appeal.

10 March 2010 by Thijs Bouwknegt

Sixteen years after the assassination of former Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana, his widow Agathe Kanziga Habyarimana is facing seven counts of genocide and the possibility of being extradited to Rwanda. She was arrested on March 2nd in the Parisian suburb of Courcouronnes, where she had been living for the last twelve years.

01 June 2001 by -

Minister of Education and Culture

Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda is accused of genocide, direct and public incitation to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and serious violations of the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II. Identity

  • On May 25, 1994, Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda was appointed Minister of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Culture in the Interim Government of Rwanda. His predecessor, Daniel Nbangura, became a special adviser to President Theodore Sindikubwabo.

Trial Chamber

08 September 2001 by -

On August 30, Colonel Theoneste Bagosora, the former chef de cabinet to the Minister of Defense and allegedly the chief conspirator of the Rwandan genocide, appeared before the UN Rwanda Tribunal as his lawyers again demanded that the Prosecutor turn over any evidence of RPF involvement in the shooting down of former President Juvenal Habyarimana's plane.

15 March 2004 by -

Calling on the government to «do all in its power to overturn this measure», Ibuka argues that the former Prime Minister Jean Kambanda, who was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1998 after entering a guilty plea, «clearly demonstrated the role of his government in the genocide.» André Ntagerura was a member of the government and Bagambiki had been a high-ranking leader.

30 June 2010 by -

Dutch police arrested a 63 year-old woman last week on suspicion of involvement in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Yvonne Ntacyobatabara is said to have led a group of young men in the mass murder of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in the Gikondo locality near the Rwandan capital Kigali.

By Thijs Bouwknegt

A former member of the extremist Coalition for the Defence of the Republic, she moved to the Netherlands in 1998 and obtained Dutch citizenship in 2004. She was later sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment by a local gacaca court in Gikondo.

17 December 2007 by -

On December 7, François Karera, 58, former prefect of Kigali Rural province during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, was sentenced to life in prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). This verdict came after a year of deliberation, during which the ICTR completed the trial of the prefect of Kigali city, Tharcisse Renzaho.