“We must focus on what has been achieved”
Thirty-six year old Raid Juhi al-Saedi was an investigating judge in the city of Al-Najaf (southern Iraq) in 2002 at the end of Saddam Hussein's regime. After the war began, he was appointed chief investigating judge at the Baghdad Central Criminal Court. He came to the Iraqi High Tribunal (IHT) in 2003, where he was the first judge to agree to be identified in public. He presided over the opening of Saddam's trial. Hard-working, intelligent and ambitious, Juhi al-Saedi has survived several assassination attempts. He headed up the investigations in the now ended Dujail case and the ongoing Anfal case.
ICTY sifts through the Markale massacre
For more than ten years, Bosnian Serbs have insisted that Sarajevo Muslims bombed their own at the City Market on 28 August 1995, leaving 43 people dead and around 90 wounded. The logic behind their reasoning was that the people of the city that had been under siege for more than three years were desperate to make the world aware of their suffering and to trigger NATO air strikes against Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo. In the first weeks of Dragomir Milosevic's trial before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), new light was shed on the question of who was responsible for the Markale Market massacre.
The mother Theresa of Kigali
"That was a strange kind of trial," whispered a disappointed Rwandan woman who, along with many relatives and supporters of the widow of Rwanda's ex-president, had come to watch her defend herself before the Refugee Appeals Board. It took six long hours of hearings on January 25 for this administrative jurisdiction to decide whether there were "serious reasons to believe" that Agathe Habyarimana had any responsibility in the 1994 genocide.
Peru caught up in its contradictions
In this first part of a three articles series on reparations, IJT investigates Peru's case. Although political violence in Peru has largely subsided, the country is still avoiding addressing the aftermath of more than two decades of massive human rights violations. And though laws have been passed in order to begin compensating victims and their families for some of the damage inflicted upon them, the process is still struggling under the weight of government bureaucracy and political considerations.
• Amnesty for war crimes in Afghanistan
• Iraq : "Chemical Ali" shows no regrets
• ICC: Charges against Thomas Lubanga upheld
• Senegal: Habré, not before "at least three years"