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Kigali Genocide Memorial (Photo: Janet Anderson)
10 May 2016 by Janet H. Anderson Kigali (Rwanda)

Two Rwandans will go on trial today in Paris for genocide and crimes against humanity. The trial of Octavien Ngenzi and Tite Barahirwa - both former mayors from the south east of the country – is France’s second in a series of up to a potential twenty suspects, in connection with the 1994 genocide. Former spy chief Pascal Simbikangwa was convicted in March 2014 to 25 years in jail in the first ever judgment by a French court relating to the Rwandan genocide. But in October last year the French case against a notorious side-arm-carrying priest Wenceslas Munyeshyaka was dismissed to widespread criticism.

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Refugees arriving on the Greek island of Lesbos in September 2015 (Photo: Flickr/Ben White - CAFOD)
08 March 2016 by Stephanie van den Berg, The Hague (The Netherlands)

Parallel to calls for the establishment of an international tribunal to address alleged war crimes committed in Syria [IJT-169], many European countries say they have stepped up screening procedures to weed out possible war criminals amid the influx of Syrian refugees. The Netherlands, which has been somewhat of a pioneer in this regard, last week announced that in 2015 they denied asylum to 10 Syrian nationals because they are suspected of committing war crimes. But past experience points to a wide gap between identifying potential perpetrators and actually bringing them to justice.

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29 September 2011 by -

An appeals court in Paris on Wednesday rejected a Rwandan request to extradite alleged genocide mastermind Agathe Habyarimana, widow of the Rwandan president whose death sparked the 1994 genocide.

Juvénal Habyarimana's widow, Agathe Kanziga Habyarimana, who has lived in France for over 15 years, was accused of being a key member of the "akazu" - Kinyarwanda for "little house" - inner circle that planned and implemented the killings which began after her husband's plane was shot down on April 6, 1994.

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27 November 2001 by -

The second day of the trial of General Aussaresses for « complicity in justification of war crimes » has become the trial of the colonization of Algeria and the recourse to torture. Two important witnesses have come to enlighten the debate: for the plaintiff, the widow of General de la Bollardière; for the defense, General Schmitt, former Army chief of staff. However, the tribunal did not get clear replies concerning the history of the Aussaresses manuscript. Arrested in Algiers in June 1957, Henri Alleg, editor of the newspaper « Alger républicain », was tortured for a month.

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25 January 2002 by -

General Paul Aussaresses has been ordered to pay a fine of 7,500 Euros for having justified crimes committed during the war in Algeria in his book entitled Services Spéciaux, Algérie 1955-1957, published in May 2001. His publishers were both sentenced to pay a fine of 15,000 Euros each. At the entry to the Paris central court on 25 January, a theater group was distributing leaflets advertising a brand-new play, « The trial of General Aussaresses ». Fiction has been quick to catch up with reality. A few meters away, the trial court was preparing to perform the last act of the true trial.

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01 June 2001 by -

Secretary General of the Gironde Prefecture, France

Maurice Papon was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment for complicity in crimes against humanity.
© Réseau Intermedia.

Identity

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03 December 2007 by -

Read here the International Justice Tribune, No. 79

Table of content:

  • Sénégal: Pressions accrues pour le procès Habré
  • France: L’immunité pour Donald Rumsfeld
  • Tribunal pour les Khmers rouges: Levée de rideau sur les chambres
  • Tribunal pour l’ex-Yougoslavie: Série d’articles “bilans” & TPIY, une justice contre tous

Click here to download the IJT, No. 79

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03 December 2007 by -

Read here the International Justice Tribune, No. 79

Table of content:

  • Senegal: Heightened pressure for Habre’s trial
  • France: Immunity for Rumsfeld
  • Khmer Rouge trials in Cambodia: The curtain rises  on the extraordinary chambers
  • Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: “Assessment” series & ICTY, justice against all

Click here to download the IJT, No. 79

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07 June 2004 by -

France has become the first non-African state to allow convicted prisoners of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to serve their sentences in its jails. On 27 May the French Senate ratified the prison agreement of 14 March 2003 between France and the United Nations. The single-article text, adopted by French deputies on 6 January, was voted without modification. Similar agreements have been signed with Sweden and Italy, but have not yet been ratified.

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24 May 2004 by -

Four victims' families and two associations in Haiti have announced their intention to lodge a complaint in Paris against former Haitian president Jean- Bertrand Aristide and other dignitaries of his dictatorship, on grounds of torture and crimes against humanity. Their ultimate aim is to persuade the United Nations to set up an international criminal court to try suspects of crimes committed during Aristide\'s regime, which was overthrown at the end of February 2004.

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