Augusto Pinochet

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07 February 2005 by PIERRE ABRAMOVICI

French investigating judge Sophie Clément could over the next few weeks order former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet to appear before the Paris criminal court for his alleged involvement in the disappearance of several French nationals in Chile and Argentina at the end of the 1970s (see IJT 14). The trial in absentia raises the question of the connection between France and Operation Condor, the joint effort by the South American military regimes to eliminate their political opponents.

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05 November 2007 by Santiago O’Donnell

A growing number of loosely defined groups are being declared victims of genocide by Latin American and Spanish courts: Indians in the Brazilian Amazonia, victims of the Argentine junta, student demonstrators in Mexico, street protesters in Bolivia, and former guerrilla members in Colombia. Yet, this trend goes against the widely accepted United Nations Genocide Convention of 1948 and the legal definition of genocide used by all contemporary international or hybrid tribunals, which are much stricter about what constitutes a genocide.

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10 February 2010 by Bram Posthumus

An international legal drama is playing itself out in the Senegalese capital Dakar, against the backdrop of the Monument for the African Renaissance. Main characters in no specific order: Hissène Habré, former president of the central African state of Chad, Abdoulaye Wade, president of Senegal, the African Union, Belgium, lawyers and human rights groups. At issue: can an African state put a former head of another African state on trial for crimes against humanity?

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21 April 2010 by José Zepeda

Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón is facing prosecution, accused of overreaching his judicial powers when investigating atrocities committed during and after the country’s 1936-39 civil war. Retired Chilean judge Juan Guzmán Tapia, who worked closely with Garzón when prosecuting late Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, speaks of political games.

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07 June 2004 by INGRID SEYMAN

On 28 May 2004, the Santiago court of appeal stripped former military leader Augusto Pinochet of his immunity from prosecution. If the Chilean Supreme Court confirms this ruling, the 88-year old ex-dictator could stand trial for his part in Operation Condor, a coordinated campaign in the 1970s by several Latin American military dictatorships to assassinate hundreds of suspected opponents.

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20 September 2004 by INGRID SEYMAN

The tide seems to have turned for former South American dictators. Argentina's Supreme Court has just accepted the imprescriptibility of a crime against humanity, while in Chile a trial looks likely for Augusto Pinochet after the former dictator was stripped of his immunity on 26 August.

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22 November 2004 by Arnoud Grellier

The first trial of the former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet could take place in France - without him. On 22 October, the Paris prosecutor's office called for the case to be referred before the Paris criminal court, where the former president would be tried in absentia for the "abduction and torture" of several French nationals and Franco-Chileans who disappeared between 1973 and 1975.

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18 October 2004 by Arnoud Grellier

A new legal front against Augusto Pinochet could begin on 5 November when Chile's Appeals Court examines another request to strip the former dictator of his legal immunity. The demand was filed on 5 October by the daughters of Carlos Prats, the former commander-in-chief of the army and ex vice-president, who was murdered in Buenos Aires in September 1974.

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20 December 2004 by INGRID SEYMAN

They are 35,000 men and women, imprisoned under the regime of General Pinochet, who were abused, tortured or raped, then silenced and forgotten by the Chilean institutions and courts. In early December, the publication of the report on Torture and Political Imprisonment under the military dictatorship has finally put an end to the denial of these crimes by granting them official recognition as victims of the dictatorship.

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10 October 2005 by ARNAUD GRELLIER

Juan Guzman Tapia retired from the magistracy in May 2005. During his career, he prepared hundreds of cases against ex-dictator Augusto Pinochet filed by families of disappeared persons in Chile. On a visit to Paris to promote his autobiography "Aboard the World," he spoke to IJT.

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