Argentina

issue
Exhumations from May 2015 on a Periprava site believed to be a graveyard for camp victims (Photo: IICCMER)
03 June 2015

IJT 183 delves into an emotional trial in Romania in which Communist labour camp survivors confront their ex-commander.

Other features:

  • The first-ever ICTR trial transfer could be recalled from Rwanda
  • A new museum at a former detention centre reignites Argentina's debate on memorials
  • The world wrongly gambled on peace without justice in Burundi, says transitional justice expert in a Q&A

News brief:

  • Ivorian ex-first lady Simone Gbagbo is still wanted in The Hague
article
Names of ESMA navy officers are displayed at the Espacio Memoria y Derechos Humanos (Photo: Luciana Bertoia)
03 June 2015 by Luciana Bertoia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

A memorial museum newly opened at the location of one of the most infamous illegal detention centres during Argentina’s dictatorship illustrates a national debate about how to commemorate such sites. 

issue
09 November 2011

Summary:

STL: in absentia - the only way?

The first hearing trials in absentia under international law will take place before the UN-backed Special Tribunal for Lebanon on November 11. The defence and the prosecution will present arguments on moving into absentia proceedings. The STL is the anomaly in the family of international courts. Its Statute is the only one that permits trials in absentia. This marks a significant departure from current practice and procedure in relation to international law. But there is no convincing justification for this yet, say experts.

Green light - Sweden to Rwanda genocide extradition

The long-awaited judgement in the case of Ahorugeze v Sweden was delivered by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on 27 October. Judges decided that Sylvere Ahorugeze’s extradition to Rwanda would not breach the European Convention on Human Rights: his extradition would not expose him to a real risk of ill-treatment (Article 3) and it conformed with his rights to a fair trial, guaranteed by Article 6.

Guilty - Argentina dirty war commanders

A historic ruling convicting 16 people accused of crimes against humanity was handed down by a Federal Court in Buenos Aires on October 26. They were convicted of arbitrary detention, torture and unlawful killing, committed at the Naval Mechanical by rocketsaler">School (ESMA) during the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.

Reconciliation or prosecution in Ivory Coast?

A situation without precedent in a country that seems to have returned to normal. But where hate and anger have yet to disappear completely. Healing the wounds after post-electoral violence in 2010/2011 is the new mandate of the Commission for Dialogue, Truth and Reconciliation (CDVR). Meanwhile, the International Criminal Court (ICC) is conducting its investigations in the same country.

ECHR: power to the people

Reforms are desperately needed by the European Court of Human Rights – the supra-national court for citizens in 47, which belongs to the Council of Europe. It is based on the European Convention on Human Rights – the only international human rights agreement that provides the individual with a high degree of protection.

article
23 July 2014 by Luciana Bertoia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

More than 37 years after being abducted, Graciela García Romero looked around the court and said: “Time does not help. The pain does not subside.” She is one of around 200 survivors of Argentina’s notorious ESMA concentration camp, known in English as the Navy Mechanics School. In May last year, she appeared before the Federal Criminal Oral Court, which is prosecuting crimes committed at the clandestine detention centre in Buenos Aires that operated during Argentina’s last dictatorship, from 1976 to 1983. A verdict in this trial is expected before yearend.

article
05 November 2014 by Stephanie van den Berg

A judge in Argentina last week requested that Spain extradite 20 Franco-era officials accused of human rights violations during the Spanish dictatorship who cannot be tried at home because of an amnesty enacted in the late 1970s.

article
19 November 2014 by Luciana Bertoia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

A landmark trial in Argentina sheds a first light on the role of doctors and other medical personnel in cases during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship where babies were snatched from imprisoned activists and handed illegally to other families to raise them.

issue
28 May 2014

Links to articles and PDF of IJT 160.

issue
23 July 2014

Links to articles and PDF of IJT 164.

issue
05 November 2014

Links to articles and PDF of IJT issue number 169.

issue
19 November 2014

Links to articles and PDF of IJT issue number 170.