05 November 2007 by Santiago O’Donnell

A growing number of loosely defined groups are being declared victims of genocide by Latin American and Spanish courts: Indians in the Brazilian Amazonia, victims of the Argentine junta, student demonstrators in Mexico, street protesters in Bolivia, and former guerrilla members in Colombia. Yet, this trend goes against the widely accepted United Nations Genocide Convention of 1948 and the legal definition of genocide used by all contemporary international or hybrid tribunals, which are much stricter about what constitutes a genocide.

29 March 2005 by -

The Spanish national court of justice will hand down its judgement on 19 April in the trial of former Argentine naval officer Adolfo Scilingo, accused of genocide, torture and terrorism committed during the military regime of Jorge Videla (1973-1983). The trial, which opened on 14 January in Madrid, ended on 10 March with Prosecutor Dolores Delgado requesting a prison sentence of 9,138 years.

25 April 2005 by ARNAUD GRELLIER

On 19 April, the Spanish Supreme Court sentenced former Argentine naval captain Adolfo Scilingo to 640 years' imprisonment for crimes against humanity committed during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship. This landmark conviction of a foreign national for crimes committed outside Spain's borders endorses the Spanish government's new stance in favour of universal jurisdiction.

Adolfo Scilingo