Prosecuting ‘genocidaires’ in Arusha
Richard Karegyesa leads the prosecutions at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), which is finalising its mandate.
What is the ICTR’s biggest success?
In the context of the resolution that established the tribunal, it is deterrence and accountability. In that regard we have scored major successes in bringing to justice key perpetrators of the genocide. Largely the planners at the top of the pyramid who were responsible for the architecture and their acting in the execution of the genocide. We are the first court to try a genocide case since the convention. We managed to have rape defined as genocide.
On the Rwandan front our mandate also talks of contributing to peace and reconciliation. The jury is still out on that but we can contribute by taking out key perpetrators – we indicted 93 and have arrested 83. They would have, unindicted, unpursued, probably been in the Congo and posing a threat. But by taking them out, we have shown that you can run but you can’t hide.
What is the biggest challenge at the your office?