Beyond Ituri: the other side of the Ugandan case
The transfer of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, head of the Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) to The Hague on March 17 stirred up questions about the International Criminal Court’s (ICC) investigations into the support given to the Congolese militia in Ituri (Democratic Republic of Congo). Thus far, the ICC has targeted only the leaders of the Lord’s Resistance Army rebel group and not a single officer of the Ugandan army in its investigations into Uganda. However, the court may be setting its sights on several high-ranking Ugandan officers in the Ituri case.
What can be salvaged from the Milosevic trial?
Not all the evidence presented during the four-year trial of Slobodan Milosevic, who died on March 11, will be lost. The rules of evidence at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) state that facts established in a trial may not be transferred to another trial until the first trial has been finalized. But even if Milosevic had lived, the trial chamber’s ruling would have been appealed and the appeals decision would not have been made in time for the evidence to be used in many of the other upcoming cases. Now that Milosevic is dead, there are still some options for recycling at least part of the evidence accumulated in his trial.
Confessions - a key to wrapping up trials in ICTR
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is on the verge of concluding at least two guilty pleas, including one from Joseph Serugendo, former head of the Interahamwe militia who appeared in a closed session on March 15. Some of the detainees are preparing to follow his lead, while others are watching with interest to see the outcome of the negotiations with the prosecutor. The subject is still a sensitive one, and the UN tribunal is nervously pursuing this strategy it deems essential to concluding all its trials before 2008.
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