Rememberingtheoppression

30 November 1999 by BENJAMIN BIBAS and EMMANUEL CHICON

The Moroccan Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER), crea- ted by royal decree in April 2004, is now halfway through its mandate. A unique experience in the Arab-Muslim world, this ...

The Moroccan Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER), crea- ted by royal decree in April 2004, is now halfway through its mandate. A unique experience in the Arab-Muslim world, this "national commission for truth, equity and reconciliation", set up at the behest of King Mohamed VI, was given one year to shed light on"flagrant viola- tions" of human rights that took place in Morocco between 1956 and 1999. During the last ten years of his reign, King Hassan II (1961-1999), the father of Morocco's current sovereign, was keen to lay the foundations for a "demo- cratic" transition. He created the human rights consultative council (CCDH) in 1990, amnestied political prisoners and exiles in 1994 and took the first cautious steps towards recognising public free- doms. Shortly before he died, the King gave his assent to the creation of an Independent arbitration body (IAI) that would compensate all victims of abduc- tion or unlawful detention, mostly attribu- ted to the state security services.

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