Bosnia court: safe from attack

25 May 2011 by Nidzara Ahmetasevic

The Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina is safe from attack by the Bosnian Serb President Milorad Dodik, following a deal EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton achieved with the Bosnian Serb leadership on 13 May.

At the end of this month, EU foreign ministers will discuss Bosnia and Herzegovina. 

As a result of this agreement, Dodik called off the referendum challenging the legality of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Prosecutor’s Office – in exchange for a reform of Bosnia’s judicial system, supervised by the EU.

Both institutions were formed during the last judicial reform 10 years ago and led by the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina represented by the Office of the High Representative (OHR). State judicial institutions, as well as number of laws (including the Criminal Code) were established in 2002 by the OHR decision.

After the war from 1992-1995, Bosnia and Herzegovina was divided in two entities – Republika Srpska with a majority Serb population and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a majority Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat population. The country is a semi protectorate. But the ultimate power to impose laws and sack politicians, is in the hands of the OHR.

The Court and the Prosecution, the highest state judicial institutions, deal with war crimes and organized crime.

Want to read more?

If you subscribe to a free membership, you can read this article and explore our full archive, dating back to 1997.

Subscribe now

Related articles

21 December 2011 by Thijs Bouwknegt

Being the ICC's Chief Prosecutor is a delicate and politically sensitivejob.ForLuisMorenoOcampo it has been "the best job in the world." Fatou Bensouda will be taking over his office in June. She inhe

07 December 2011 by Thijs Bouwknegt

December 7, 2011 Ivory Coast is the latest playgroundoftheInternationalCriminal Court. This week the courtroom in The Hague became its theatre of justice. Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo proudly p

07 December 2011 by Richard Walker

Four Congolese witnesses testifying at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, find themselves caught in a legal wrangle, which could at once set a legal precedent and make them the last

07 December 2011 by Lindy Janssen

Brazil is booming. The economy is expanding and the country is getting ready to host the Football World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016. But the Latin American giant has not even begun dealing wi

07 December 2011 by Radosa Milutinovic

The primary purpose of the retrial of Ramush Haradinaj, as proclaimed by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in its appeal judgement in July, should have been to hear testimonies of two "key" witnesses who proved unwilling to testify in the original trial in 2007. Almost four months into the retrial which started in mid-August, its stated aim has not yet been achieved.