Bosnia court: safe from attack

25 May 2011 by Nidzara Ahmetasevic

The Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina is safe from attack by the Bosnian Serb President Milorad Dodik, following a deal EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton achieved with the Bosnian Serb leadership on 13 May.

At the end of this month, EU foreign ministers will discuss Bosnia and Herzegovina. 

As a result of this agreement, Dodik called off the referendum challenging the legality of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Prosecutor’s Office – in exchange for a reform of Bosnia’s judicial system, supervised by the EU.

Both institutions were formed during the last judicial reform 10 years ago and led by the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina represented by the Office of the High Representative (OHR). State judicial institutions, as well as number of laws (including the Criminal Code) were established in 2002 by the OHR decision.

After the war from 1992-1995, Bosnia and Herzegovina was divided in two entities – Republika Srpska with a majority Serb population and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a majority Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croat population. The country is a semi protectorate. But the ultimate power to impose laws and sack politicians, is in the hands of the OHR.

The Court and the Prosecution, the highest state judicial institutions, deal with war crimes and organized crime.

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